Atmospheric dry deposition

Dry deposition is the dry transport of gases and particles from the atmosphere to the surface. Together with scavenging it is the ultimate sink process in the atmosphere. Dry deposition velocities depend on:​

  • aerodynamic transport towards the surface by turbulence​

  • transport across the laminar sublayer​

  • particle chemical properties or size ​

  • surface properties (smooth/rough, bare/vegetated, wet/dry)​.

Deposition velocities are uncertain as they are parameterizations based on relatively complex measurements. Particularly for the smallest particles few measurements are available.​

Occurs in


 Fate descriptors 



Surface properties (roughness, length, interceptor size)

Atmospheric stability

Size, shape, density of particle

\(V_{d}= V_{8} + \frac{1}{R_{a}+R_{8}}\)

Resistance approach

\(R_{a}= \frac{1}{\epsilon _{0}u_{*}(E_{B} + E_{IM} +E_{IN})R_{1}}\)

Surface resistance consisting of efficiencies for Brownian diffusion, impaction and interception

\(V_{8}= \frac{\rho D^{_{p}^{2}}gC}{18\eta }\)

Gravitational settling velocity

Visit the Atmospheric Deposition Model page. 

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In NanoFASE, the parameterization is used based on Zhang et al. (2001) and details are described in the LOTOS-EUROS documentation

Seinfeld, J. H. and Pandis S. N., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: from air pollution to climate, Wiley- Interscience, Hoboken, N.J., 2006​.

Zhang, L., Gong, S., Padro, J., and Barrie, L. A size-segregated particle dry deposition scheme for an atmospheric aerosol module, Atmos. Environ., 35 (2001) 549-560.​

 Petroff, A. and Zhang, L. Development and validation of a size-resolved particle dry deposition scheme for application in aerosol transport models, Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 753-769,, 2010.



Astrid Manders​

TNO, Netherlands​